Reasons of Access Database Corruption and Possible Resolution

MS Access database consists of various database objects including tables, forms, queries, macros, reports etc. Microsoft Access employs Jet engine as its default database engine. MS Visual Basic programming system is used for implementing several data management functions in an Access database. So, it is required to load all the Visual Basic components for a proper working of Access database. Some problems may occur while opening or closing database files, running queries, updating table records etc. This generally happens due to Access database corruption. Some situations like interruption during a read/write operation, multi-user access, power outages may leave the Access database in suspect state. As a consequence, all the vital information stored in the database becomes inaccessible. To overcome this problem, you need to go for Access repair through a reliable third-party utility.

For example, you suddenly lose the network connection while trying to compact and repair your Access database. Now, when you attempt to open the database file in MS Access or Visual Basic, you may receive the following error message on your screen.

"The Microsoft Jet database engine stopped the process because you and another user are attempting to change the same data at the same time."


The Access database (or MDB) file is corrupt. The corruption occurred because multiple users tried to modify data in the database at the same time. Other reasons for Access database corruption include poor database structuring, improper system shutdown, file header damage etc.

All these reasons would prevent you from accessing the precious data stored in the MS Access file. You may use a backup to restore and regain access to the lost data. However, if the backup is missing, you can repair Access file by following the below mentioned resolution steps.


Try these steps to fix the above problem:

  • Use 'Get External Data' option in the 'File' menu for importing all the usable components of damaged Access database to a new Access database file.
  • If the problem still persists, you should take help of an efficient Access database repair software.

These software repair corrupt MS Access databases using extremely safe repair mechanisms. They list the scan output in a tree view structure and allow users to preview all the recoverable database objects before actual recovery after that starts access database recovery process. 

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